Albuera 1811 orders of battle

This pdf document lists the forces we employed in our Albuera 1811 refight. We used Shako rules, so each unit is a battalion / cavalry regiment, and each player controlled a division. Albeura 1811 order of... read more

Russo-Swedish scenarios

On these pages we describe the battles that we have re-created in miniature. Battle of Leppävirta, 11th of March 1808 General de Brigade scenario details – Refight battle report Preliminaries: Russian forces crossed the border to the Savo area on the 28th of February, about one week after the main forces in the south. The 5th Division of Lieutenant-General Nikolai Aleksejevits Tutskov started operations with 3.000 men with rest of the division still marching to the area of operations. Finnish force in the area was the Savo Brigade under Colonel Count Johan Cronstedt with 4.000 men. The Savo Brigade was concentrated at Mikkeli with strong detachments to the east. However, based on false intelligence, Finnish forces had already started retreating northwards in order to protect their supply lines from alleged Russian flanking maneuver. With new orders to avoid pitched battles from army commander Klingspor, Savo Brigade moved to Leppävirta south of Kuopio. In the morning of 11th of March Colonel Cronstedt received reports that the Russian force of under 2.000 men was closing in from the south. Dispositions: Finnish forces deployed on the frozen lake. Infantry supported by artillery formed a single line with small cavalry formations on the flanks. In the forests east and west of the lake were detachments of jaegers. The eastern shore has plenty of steepish cliffs which are several meters high. This makes it impassable to formed infantry and cavalry. The Battle: Russians arrived sooner than expected and started to deploy opposite the Finnish line. The “battle” turned out to be only a minor skirmish, with two forces exchanging some scattered artillery and musket fire during the afternoon and cossack attempts to threaten Finnish flanks easily repulsed by Finnish salvos. Under the cover of night Finnish forces, according to the orders, continued their withdrawal north towards Kuopio. Apparently the Russians were somewhat hesitant to advance since their right flank in the east hadn’t frozen due to strong current. It is said that because of this several battalion commanders pleaded Cronstedt to crush the Russians with a flanking maneuver from west/behind. If all the troops of the III (Savo-Karelian) brigade that were present (some weren’t deployed) had been committed to this attack, their numbers would also have been superior to the Russians. Battle of Lapua, 14th of July 1808 General de Brigade Orders of Battle – Refight battle report It was already early summer when Finnish army under Klingsporg finally started its counteroffensive to the... read more

Refight of Koljonvirta, 27th of October 2008

General de Brigade scenario details are here. Setup for the game. The ceasefire is about to end and on the eastern side of Koljonvirta Russian are advancing from Iisalmi almost just off the board. While Captain Brusin goes to negotiate the continuation of the ceasefire with the Russians, on the western side IV Savo jaegers and a section of 3 pounders guard the bridge over Koljonvirta near Kauppila farm. Further to the north at Linna farm the small Oulu battalion provides infantry support for Finnish artillery. The section on the western side is commanded by Ensign Taube and the ones on the eastern side by Ensigns Gyllenbögel and Kalmberg. Way up north furthest away from the fortifications at Kattaala crown storehouse was the 2nd battalion of Pohjanmaa regiment and two 3 pounders of Lieutenant Svibelius. Somewhat to the south of Kattaala, at Fredriksdal manor, where Sandel’s command post was located, were half of the small Kajaani battalion and Swedish 1st battalion of Västerbottens regiment along with the two Ensign Tammelander’s 6 pounders. Turn 1. A battalion of Russian 4th jaegers deploys in skirmish formation and a firefight erupts between them and the Finnish rear guard. Some Savo jaegers dismantle the remainder of the bridge over Koljonvirta. Turn 2. Russians bring more jaegers into the firefight. However the IV Savo jaegers step out of the musket range and use their longer reaching rifles. The Russians fire at the 3 pounder and manage to inflict a casualty but get hit themselves by canister. Turn 3. As IV Savo jaegers try to keep the distance favourable to their rifles the first Russians manage to cross the bridge beams. However the Savo jaegers reply by rolling a double six and thus inflict more casualties. Turn 4. Undaunted by the casualties the 4th jaegers press on by sending even more men over the stream. The IV Savo jaegers steadily pick their targets and roll another double sixes. 1st battalion of 4th jaegers has now 7 casualties. Turn 5. First Russian artillery is now in position is spite of the horrendous traffic jam caused by the long time it takes for units to cross the mostly dismantled bridge and the large number of Russian troops. Turn 6. As more and more Russians cross the bridge and the Russian artillery now in position, the rear guard decides to disengage. The IV Savo jaegers cover the retreat of the artillery. Turn 7. The Russians fire at the... read more

Refight of Oravais, part 1, 29th of September 2008

General de Brigade scenario details are here. The battle consists of two parts: the preliminary action between the Swedish rearguard and the Russian avantgarde, and the main battle. Preliminary action against the Swedish rearguard Before battle of Oravainen the Russian troops were quite dispersed. The vanguard was commanded by Colonel Kulnev and was located some 500 meters from the Finnish rear guard at the bridge. Major-General Demidov’s brigade was located some 5 kilometers from the bridge and the main forces with the CIC Lieutenant-General count Kamenski were some 15 kilometers from the bridge. Kamenski’s plan was to concentrate the forces, but the battle began when the always active vanguard commander Colonel Kulnev decided to engage the Swedish rearguard at the bridge at 04.30 AM. He had been instructed to drive away the Finns from the bridge but not to engage the enemy before 10 AM and not to cross the stream before Demidov would arrive with his troops. Finns had finally received numerous reinforcements in the form of the Swedish units and most of the troops still available were now concentrated in Oravainen area. There was plenty of disagreement whether a fight should be put out in Oravainen or if the retreat should be continued. However as the king had finally reinforced the Finnish army with Swedish troops it was thought that it would be highly dubious if these fresh units were not used in battle. The Swedish rearguard consisted of half of 3 battalions, supported by two 6 pounders and a very small detachment of guard cavalry. Since we didn’t have sufficient space at our own gaming area to mount the extra piece required by Oravainen’s vanguard action next to the actual battle’s terrain we decided to play the vanguard action separately. Initial positions. Early in the morning the first elements of Colonel Kulnev’s vanguard drive away the advance guard post of the Swedes who retreat to the main rearguard alerting them of the Russian advance. Turn 1. More Russians emerge. 3rd jaeger regiment is on the left flank while Sievsk musketeer regiment stays in the vicinity of the road moving in disorganized but formed columns though the dense forest. Turn 2. Ensign count von Schwerin has his men push the guns forward whole Russians make slow advance through the woods. Turn 3. Russian artillery enters the battlefield while half of Swedish jaeger battalion (combined jaeger companies of the whole Swedish division. Unlike Finns, Swedes tended to use... read more

Refight of Oravais, part 2, 29th of September 2008

General de Brigade scenario details are here. Finns and Swedes occupy the forest north of the field. There are quite a few brigades but some of them are extremely small, especially the Finnish 2nd and 6th which only have one battalion present each. In 4th (Savo-brigade) the Savo battalions have been strengthened by combining them. Before Russians managed launch the attack with Kulnev’s and the recently arrived Demidov’s brigades the Swedes had time to man the positions on the north edge of the meadow. On the western edge of the meadow lies the Gulf of Bothnia (ie. sea) and the terrain south of the bridge around the stream is quite soggy. The stream itself is several meters wide but a Swedish officer writes in his memoirs that he was able to go across with dry feet with the use of hay pole. On the meadow were quite a few barns which the Finns dismantled and used them to build positions quickly. Some trees had also been felled on both sides of the meadow. Initial positions. Finns and Swedes on the left and Russians on the right. Gulf of Bothnia in the front. Russians have claimed that Swedes used some gunboats during the battle, but Swedish records don’t show this usage. Turn 1. Demidov’s brigade (the further units) starts to advance through the forest. Kulnev’s brigade, now commanded by Riman, supports the attack and guards the retreat route. Finns and Swedes have decided to leave the barns intact instead of dismantling them and erecting them as temporary cover. Turn 2. Russian troops advance slowly through the forest. Turn 3. Moving slowly through forest and felled trees the Russians advance. Swedish artillery opens up and manages to hits a Sievsk battalion. Turn 4. Demidov’s troops reach the meadow. Turn 5. Demidows troops reach the stream while Riman’s troops just start to emerge from the forest. Turn 6. Having crossed the stream Demidov’s skirmishing jaegers now engage 4th (Savo-) brigade and even manage to score a hit against one small Karelian jaeger half battalion. Turn 7. Most of the two Russian brigades have now crossed the stream. The large 1st battalion of Pohjanmaa regiment trundles towards the front lines from the reserve. Artillery of neither side is willing to expend ammunition for extreme range counter battery fire. Turn 8. The Russian advance consists mainly of skirmishers and to counter this threat half of the 2nd Västerbotten battalion is deployed in skirmish order.... read more

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